The problems accessing in-vehicle data

The problems accessing in-vehicle data

The IAAF recently commented on access to in-vehicle data, arguing that a lack of access was harming the aftermarket.

Connected cars include innovative remote functions that enable multiple new uses such as remote access to highly granular in-vehicle data. For example, this includes advanced analytics including predictive failure analysis, driving style analysis and highly accurate analytics on wear and tear of components.

When such technology is combined with remote access to the vehicle and driver interaction through the vehicle human-machine interface, new services and business models can be created. Predictive and preventive maintenance can thus support new business models such as ‘Maintenance as a Service’.

However, the proprietary closed technical design of manufacturers’ in-vehicle telematics systems and the lack of an efficient, interoperable access to in-vehicle data and resources, prevents the automotive aftermarket and mobility services sector realising its digital potential.

Independent service providers require the ability to offer competitive digital services to end-users, independently from the vehicle manufacturer (i.e. the ability to compete effectively as independent businesses). As vehicle manufacturers accelerate the deployment of such systems, they reduce the scope for further competition.

IAAF has added its voice to a large coalition representing the automotive aftermarket in Europe, including FIGIEFA, that is calling on the European Union to take on board a proposal for a Secure On-board Telematics Platform (S-OTP) – allowing access for independent service providers – when legislating on access to in-vehicle data.

How could it impact my business?

The so-called ‘Extended Vehicle’ (ExVe) model, promoted by vehicle manufacturers, channels all remote data communication through the vehicle manufacturer’s proprietary backend server. Only a limited part of the in-vehicle data and a narrow subset of functions, based on the business model of the vehicle manufacturer, are made available to independent service providers.

This gives vehicle manufacturers full control to decide how, when, and to whom access to data, functions and resources will be granted. Through this approach competing providers become dependent on the vehicle manufacturer and are no longer able to compete effectively.

Vehicle manufacturers’ pre-selected data, diagnostics and repair methods would restrict independent providers to ‘duplicated’, redundant services. Innovation, as well as effective competition, will be hampered within the overall automotive sector.

The technically closed ExVe system places the vehicle manufacturer in the role of self-appointed gatekeeper, interposing itself between its competitors and their customers. ExVe thereby enables not only full control of each vehicle manufacturer over its brand-specific aftermarket, but ultimately also full control over all vehicle-related services around the connected and automated mobility.

The lack of independent competition deprives consumers and fleet operators of genuine choice; they become ‘locked-in’ to the digital eco-system of the vehicle manufacturer immediately after purchase, as switching to another vehicle is generally not an option.

What is IAAF doing about it?

IAAF has called for a “Secure On-board Telematics Platform” (or S-OTP). FIGIEFA also commissioned an independent study with the aim to show that it is perfectly possible to have the highest level of cybersecurity protection, whilst at the same time allowing an independent communication with the vehicle, its data and resources.

Thanks to this work, the European Commission has put on its work programme a legislation on access to in-vehicle data. It is expected that it will publish its proposal by the end of 2021 or early 2022.

IAAF will continue to campaign and lobby the UK government, highlighting that the current in-vehicle access platforms – controlled and operated by the vehicle manufacturers – restricts businesses from embracing digital opportunities, and jeopardises consumer choice, innovation and a growing economy.

Want to know more? For more information how to join the IAAF, click here.

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