Full belt fitment guide for a Ford Fiesta V 2004 1.4L 16V model with engine code FXJA
As errors are frequently committed when changing the timing belt on this particular model, the ContiTech Power Transmission Group is providing technicians with a step- by-step explanation of the correct change procedure using timing belt kit CT 881 WP1.
The manufacturer recommends changing the timing belt every 160,000 km/10 years and the ancillary unit belt (ELAST) every 160,000 km/10 years. It should be noted that the multi V-belt must be changed at the same time as the timing belt and the V-belt must not be re-fitted once it has been removed.
Firstly, identify the vehicle using the engine code and then disconnect the vehicle battery. Do not turn the crankshaft and camshaft once the timing belt has been removed. Turn the engine in the normal direction of rotation (clockwise), unless otherwise specified, remembering to turn the engine only at the crankshaft sprocket and not at other sprockets. Only carry out checks and adjustments when the engine is cold and make sure you avoid contact between the belt and harmful substances, such as engine oil or coolant. You should comply with all tightening torques, as specified by the VM.
The order of removal is as follows: front right wheel, ancillary unit belt, spark plugs, cylinder head cover, crankshaft belt pulley, drive pulley for coolant pump, power steering fluid reservoir and coolant expansion reservoir, alternator, front engine mounts with bracket (support engine using vehicle jack), upper and lower timing belt guards (see below).
Camshaft belt removal
Set the valve timings to just before the TDC mark of cylinder 1. Now unscrew the screw plug above the oil pan and insert the locking tool for the crankshaft (see below).
Keep turning the crankshaft slowly against locking tool stop and then insert the alignment tool for the camshaft into the camshaft grooves at the rear (see below). Unscrew the tensioning pulley bolts and remove the timing belt.
Camshaft belt installation
Fit the new components from the timing belt kit. Now check the remaining components, such as the camshaft sprocket and crankshaft procket, for damage (see below)
Remove the locking and alignment tools and loosen the camshaft sprockets using the counterhold tool (see below). Then change both bolts (new bolts are contained in the kit), before inserting the locking and alignment tools again.
Hand-tighten the camshaft sprocket bolts so that the camshaft sprockets can just be turned. Fit the timing belt in an anti- clockwise direction, starting at the crankshaft sprocket (see below). Take care to ensure that the timing belt is not kinked during fitting and make sure that the timing belt is tight between the sprockets on the tight side.
Now fit the crankshaft belt pulley and lower guard using the new bolt supplied and remove the tensioning pulley locking pin. The tension is automatically set by the tensioning pulley so no further settings at the tensioning pulley are necessary. Tighten the tensioning pulley bracket plate to 20 Nm.
“If the locking and adjustment tools can’t be inserted into the crankshaft and camshaft, the timings will need to be set again as the engine can be seriously damaged if these are not correct.”
Remove the locking and adjustment tools from the crankshaft and camshaft and tighten the camshaft sprockets to 60 Nm using the counterhold tool (see below).
Now turn the engine through two revolutions in the direction of engine rotation and set the valve timings to TDC mark of cylinder 1 and check.
If the locking and adjustment tools can’t be inserted into the crankshaft and camshaft, the timings will need to be set again as the engine can be seriously damaged if these are not correct. Remove the locking and adjustment tools from the crankshaft and camshaft. Assembly and finalisation should be undertaken in the reverse order of removal.
Record the changing of the original ContiTech timing belt on the sticker supplied and stick this in the engine compartment. Finally, carry out a test run or test drive.